By Donald L. Horowitz
Can a society as deeply divided as South Africa develop into democratic? In a such a lot well timed paintings, Donald L. Horowitz, writer of the acclaimed Ethnic teams in clash, issues to the stipulations that make democracy an unbelievable end result in South Africa. even as, he identifies how one can conquer those hindrances, and he describes associations that provide structure makers the simplest likelihood for a democratic future.South Africa is mostly thought of an remoted case, a rustic not like the other. Drawing on his broad adventure of racially and ethnically divided societies, despite the fact that, Horowitz brings South Africa again into African and comparative politics. adventure won in Nigeria, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and different divided societies all over the world is correct simply because, as South Africa leaves apartheid in the back of, it's going to nonetheless confront difficulties of pluralism: racial, ethnic, and ideological. international locations like South Africa, Horowitz argues, needs to strengthen associations able to dealing with such divisions.Reviewing an array of constitutional proposals for South Africa--group rights, consociation, partition, binationalism, and an greater position for the judiciary--Horowitz exhibits that almost all are irrelevant for the country's difficulties, otherwise run afoul of a few significant ideological taboo. associations which are either apt and appropriate do exist, despite the fact that. those are premised at the have to create incentives for lodging throughout workforce traces. within the ultimate bankruptcy, Horowitz makes an important contribution to the idea of democratization as he considers how commitments to democracy will be extracted even from political teams with undemocratic objectives.Ranging skillfully throughout experiences of social distance and stereotypes, electoral and occasion structures, constitutions and judiciaries, clash and lodging, and negotiation and democratization, Horowitz monitors a large comparative imaginative and prescient. His cutting edge learn will switch the best way theorists and practitioners technique the duty of creating democracy paintings in tricky stipulations.
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Extra info for A Democratic South Africa?: Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society (Perspectives on Southern Africa, No 46)
2 (Winter 198384): 378406. 4. , Contending Ideologies in South Africa (Cape Town: David Philip, 1986), p. 102; Lodge, Black Politics in South Africa since 1945, p. 301. 5. , The Prisoners of Tradition and the Politics of Nation Building (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1988), p. 88. For further evidence of hostility to liberal democracy, see Tom Lodge, "The United Democratic Front: Leadership and Ideology," in (footnote continued on next page) Page 5 3. An Alternative Charterist View.
As I have suggested, Afrikaner political behavior over the centuries was underpinned by two motivating and justifying forces: nationalist aspiration and racial ideology. Once contending African groups had been defeated, racial ideology might well have occupied the field alone, had it not been for the enduring struggle against the British, which had the effect of sharpening the keen Afrikaner sense of a precarious national destiny. Black opposition to White domination also had, in the first instance, two sides: African nationalism, on the one hand, and non-racial ideology, on the other.
It has, of course, some affinity to the Africanist view identified previously. 11. Nomavenda Mathiane, South Africa: Diary of Troubled Times (New York: Freedom House, 1989), p. 117. , pp. 11520. 12. Such as the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, the Vereniging van Oranjewerkers, and the Afrikaner Volkswag. , Race Relations Survey, 1985 (Johannesburg: South African Institute of Race Relations, 1986), pp. 1112. , A Future South Africa: Visions, Strategies and Realities (Cape Town: Human & Rousseau Talfelberg, 1988), pp.