A History of Portugese Overseas Expansion 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt PDF

By Malyn Newitt

A historical past of Portuguese in another country enlargement 1400-1668 offers an obtainable survey of the way the Portuguese grew to become so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in components as remote as Asia, Africa and South the United States. Malyn Newitt examines how the guidelines and associations of a overdue medieval society have been deployed to help growth into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via contention with Castile, this grew right into a around the globe enterprise. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese in another country groups have been, surviving wars and traditional mess ups, and heading off assaults via the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders until eventually good into the 1600s. together with an in depth bibliography and word list, A historical past of Portuguese in a foreign country enlargement 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this interesting interval of ecu enlargement

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Examples of such mercenary forces were the archers and knights in the service of John of Gaunt who helped win the battle of Aljubarrota in 1385, or Muslim fighters from Granada, or soldiers recruited in one of the Spanish kingdoms who were experts in the use of firearms or in engineering. As these men were often extremely experienced and skilled, they formed a highly important part of any Portuguese army of the period. For their part many skilled Portuguese soldiers took service abroad. 45 Maintaining such an army involved not only problems of recruitment and manpower but also the logistical problems of keeping such large forces shod, fed and paid.

João had an illegitimate son, born in 1377, whom he made Count of Barcellos. His eldest legitimate son, Duarte (called Edward after his greatgrandfather Edward III and after his great-uncle the Black Prince) was born in 1391, Pedro his second son in 1392, Henrique in 1394, João in 1400 and Fernão in 1403. As his sons grew older, João sought to enlist their support for the dynasty by granting them lordships, offices and jurisdictions which made them the most powerful seigneurial figures in the land.

The idea of a crusade against Morocco was not a new idea. 53 In 1415 the proposal to mount such an overseas enterprise had very wide appeal. Commercial interests in Portugal saw opportunities for expanding their trade, the nobility looked for rewards in terms of lands, lordships and ransoms, while ordinary soldiers saw opportunities to acquire booty. Portugal’s economic decline and the severe shortages of grain and of gold and silver coinage also suggested to hard-headed politicians that a successful overseas enterprise might be very rewarding.

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