Malyn Newitt's A history of Portuguese overseas expansion, 1400-1668 PDF

By Malyn Newitt

A historical past of Portuguese in a foreign country enlargement 1400-1668 provides an available survey of the way the Portuguese turned so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in components as faraway as Asia, Africa and South America.

Malyn Newitt examines how the guidelines and associations of a past due medieval society have been deployed to assist enlargement into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via competition with Castile, this grew right into a around the world enterprise. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese abroad groups have been, surviving wars and usual failures, and warding off assaults by way of the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders till good into the 1600s.

Including an in depth bibliography and thesaurus, A heritage of Portuguese in another country enlargement 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this attention-grabbing interval of ecu expansion

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As Baillie Diffie wrote definitively in 1977, there is not found one single word of his love of books…nor does any contemporary praise his knowledge of astronomy… Henry was not learned in geography nor was he a mathematician. 80 Nevertheless there is no denying that Henrique became an icon for the Portuguese and the shadow cast by this icon has for years obscured the real nature of the commercial expansion that took place in the fifteenth century and the role of the seamen, the emigrant farmers, the slave traders, the fidalgos, the merchants, the princes and the foreigners who pushed it forward.

In Madeira wheat, wine and sugar cane proved immediately profitable and the population of the island grew rapidly, through immigration and the import of slaves. The success of these new island settlements led the Portuguese Crown to introduce institutions which had originally grown up during the reconquista when noblemen or knights of the Military Orders had been granted lands and jurisdictions on condition that these would be conquered and settled by the grantee. Madeira, for example, was divided into two capitanias, which were granted to members of Henrique’s household, and it was they who were given the responsibility for organising the settlement and for the creation of a social infrastructure.

As the voyages to West Africa began to yield worthwhile profit, steps were taken to organise the trade and protect the interests of Portugal against its rivals. Henrique petitioned his brother for a monopoly over all commerce with West Africa, which was granted to him in 1443—no doubt in return for his continued political support. This monopoly enabled Henrique to license all ships sailing to West Africa and to take a percentage of the profits of each voyage. In 1444 Henrique, who had been made governor of the Algarve, organised a consortium in Lagos to send ships to West Africa, and sometime after 1445 he established a permanent trading post on the island of Arguim off the coast of modern Mauritania.

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