Advances in Culture and Psychology, Volume 4 by Ying-yi Hong, Michele J. Gelfand, Chi-yue Chiu PDF

By Ying-yi Hong, Michele J. Gelfand, Chi-yue Chiu

With purposes in the course of the social sciences, tradition and psychology is a speedily turning out to be box that has skilled a surge in courses during the last decade. From this proliferation of books, chapters, and magazine articles, interesting advancements have emerged within the courting of tradition to cognitive strategies, human improvement, psychopathology, social habit, organizational habit, neuroscience, language, advertising, and different themes. In popularity of this exponential development, Advances in tradition and Psychology is the 1st annual sequence to supply state of the art stories of scholarly learn within the becoming box of tradition and psychology.

The Advances in tradition and Psychology series is:

* constructing an highbrow domestic for tradition and psychology examine programs
* Fostering bridges and connections between cultural students from around the discipline
* making a most suitable outlet for tradition and psychology research
* Publishing articles that mirror the theoretical, methodological, and epistemological variety within the research of tradition and psychology
* improving the collective id of the tradition and psychology field

Comprising chapters from across the world popular tradition students and representing variety within the concept and research of tradition inside psychology, Advances in tradition and Psychology is a perfect source for learn courses and teachers during the psychology group.

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Extra info for Advances in Culture and Psychology, Volume 4

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2003). The cultural propensity for milk consumption in humans has led to culture-specific genetic selection for genetic variants that increase milk sugar in cattle and genetic variants that produce more effective lactase in humans. These evolutionary processes of cultural and genetic selection likely also result in cultural variation in psychological and neural processes, which serve as endophenotypes or intermediate phenotypes of the cultural and genetic traits. A central goal for cultural neuroscience research is to understand how these dual forces of cultural and genetic selection shape brain function and behavior.

Situational sampling refers to a technique for generating experimental stimuli that are optimized to reveal cultural variation in behavior. In experiments using a situational sample, researchers ask participants from the two or more cultures of interest to generate examples of the phenomena of interest. Then, these examples are used as stimuli in a subsequent experiment to test cultural variation in responses to the culture-specific stimuli (Heine, 2008). , 2000; Oyserman & Lee, 2008). Often, cross-cultural psychologists conceptualize nation or race as a proxy for culture; however, such gross characterizations of culture are impoverished as they fail to capture the individual variability within cultures, the dynamic nature of culture and the fact that an individual can possess awareness of and appreciation for more than one cultural system simultaneously.

This cultural variation in social norms can alter neural processing of hierarchy-related social cues. Consistent with this notion, Freeman and colleagues (2009) found cultural variation in neural response within right caudate and medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) as a function of social hierarchy. Americans showed increased neural response within right caudate and MPFC to nonverbal dominance cues, whereas Japanese showed greater neural response within the same regions to nonverbal submissive cues, a neural processing difference that reflects variation in what kinds of nonverbal social cues are perceived as rewarding or desirable in a given culture.

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